There are utensils in meals preparation and in cooking which are distinctive to Africa. Listed below are a number of!
1. Cooking Pot
In trendy Africa, many households have switched to utilizing cooking utensils product of metallic, ceramic and different supplies, particularly when utilizing trendy cooking fires equivalent to electrical or fuel fires. Nevertheless, the normal earthenware cooking pot nonetheless stays a favorite for a lot of.
The standard cooking pot is product of clay, after which fired in a kiln. The processes concerned in producing a cooking pot and a water pot are completely different, since a water pot solely must hold water cool and never face up to the hearth.
The standard cooking pot is usually used over an open hearth, equivalent to a wooden hearth, or at a fireplace, or over a charcoal burner. The earthy scent of the cooking pot lends a novel flavour to the meals. Contemporary beans or meat simmered in a pot have fairly a distinct flavour to when cooked in a metallic saucepan.
The insulatory qualities of the clay pot additionally decelerate the cooking course of, which additional enhances the flavour of the meals.
2. Mortar and Pestle
A mortar and pestle was normal gear in lots of African households, and sometimes nonetheless are. A mortar and pestle had been used when pounding grain equivalent to millet or sorghum to separate the chaff from the grain.
In western Africa, cooked yam or cocoyam can also be pounded into foo-foo. In Uganda, roasted groundnuts are pounded into odii paste, whereas uncooked groundnuts are pounded into ebinyewa groundnut powder.
The Africa mortar and pestle are giant for heavy obligation pounding, differing from their counterpart frequent in western cooking, which is a small utensil for gently rubbing spices.
3. Mingling Stick
Most African kitchens have a mingling stick, or certainly a complete assortment of them. They’re product of wooden, and are available in all sizes and many alternative shapes. The commonest is the picket mingling stick to a flat head, used to stir meals, however extra usually to mingle posho, ugali or kuon – maize meal or millet meal bread.
Each girl has a favorite mingling stick, which she claims produces the perfect outcomes!
In lots of communities, a gourd is a particular and really useful utensil. A gourd is a climbing plant, which produces an extended or spherical fruit. When this fruit matures and dries, it makes a really helpful container. A ripe gourd is usually brown or golden in color. The woody inside is then hollowed out and cleaned.
The Kalenjin of western Kenya use their gourds to ferment milk in. And naturally, each girl has her personal favorite gourd.
When a gourd is lower lengthwise into two, one then has two calabashes, that are very helpful for serving drinks. The clear, woody scent of consuming water in a calabash is sort of distinctive. In northern Uganda,guests had been usually served do-it-yourself beer in calabashes.
A number of ethnic communities in Africa additionally use calabashes as musical devices, together with the Acoli of northern Uganda and communities in western Africa, equivalent to in Mali.
6. Winnowing Tray
A winnowing tray – or a number of – continues to be a treasured utensil in lots of African properties. A winnowing tray is woven out of reeds, and is helpful for sorting grain. After pounding or threshing, maize, millet, sorghum, rice, simsim and groundnuts are then winnowed in a tray to separate the grain from the chaff.
In some communities, particular reed trays are additionally used to serve meals for festive events.
7. Grinding Stone
In lots of communities, a grinding stone was the centre piece within the kitchen. Some homesteads had a grinding hut or home, the place varied grinding stones of assorted sizes had been housed, for grinding millet, sorghum, or odii. Grinding stones have step by step been changed by mills.
Like in every other delicacies, knives are necessary in African meals preparation too. Nevertheless, conventional knives differed from trendy ones. In Uganda for instance, a brief, double-edged knife was standard for peeling matoke – cooking banana – and for scaling fish or skinning slaughtered animals.
Each delicacies on the planet makes use of sieves. Sieves in Africa are actually principally product of steel or plastic. Historically, they had been woven out of sentimental reeds. They had been used to sieve flour, or beer, earlier than serving it.
In lots of properties, shards from damaged pots and damaged calabashes had been valued utensils. Within the Acoli tradition for instance, calabash shards had been treasured for smoothing out millet bread earlier than serving. Apparently, nothing did fairly in addition to a bit of damaged calabash. And naturally, each girl had her favorite shards!
Winnowing trays, mingling sticks, gourds, sieves, calabashes and cooking pots had been and nonetheless usually are included within the presents a brand new bride receives to arrange her family.
As new meals, and new strategies of meals preparation set up themselves on the continent, new utensils may even exchange the previous ones. Certainly, the brand new labour-saving gadgets are welcome in all places.
Nevertheless, one can not all the time fairly deny the appeal of the normal African cooking utensils.